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N-A-E-B NEWS 


NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ELUCATIONAL BROADCASTERS 
Radio Hall, U.V^*, JVIadison, Wisconsin 
January 1 , 194 ? 


’’COMING EVENTS CAST THEIR SHAPQl'iS 

FM BUSIl'TESS - December, 1946 says in part; ’’EDUCATIONAL CEAIEEL EXCESS? Undsr 
the pressure of highly corapetitive hearings, some FM applicants, through their 
attorneys and engineers, have grumbled that 20 FM channels are too many to^be set 
aside for educational institutions* They point to the slow rate of educational 
applications submitted thus far as justification for their claim. Educators,^in 
turn, admit that schools are slow to apply, but blame legislators for tight-fisted¬ 
ness and point to extensive plans. 

’’But here is the box score of the extent to which all the educators’ plans 
have been executed: six stations have been licensed, 23 construction permits have 
been issued, 20 applications are pending. Tv/enty other applications were tendered 
to the FCC only to be withdrawn by the applicants or returned by the FCC with the 
notation ’’incomplete”. 

AVIATION vs. FM 

The desirability of high spots as locations for FM transmitting towers and the 
undesirability of their use for such a purpose in the eyes of aviation interests 
has created a real headache. 

FM operators logically look for the tallest hills or peaks as sites from which 

to get maximum coverage. Airmen look upon those peaks as hazards to air navigation, 

and object to having those hazards increased. Reconciling the two interests is 
no simple problem. 

Sooner or later the matter of legal rights will need to be clarified for the 
benefit of all concerned. So far the Civil Aeronautics Administration has been able 
to exert a strong influence by objecting to the FCC to the location of tovers in 
certain locations. CAA admits that of itself it is virtually without authority to 
do more than recommend. Beyond that lies the question of the authority of the FCC 

to deny licenses where all the specified requirements for the operation of a station 

are satisfactorily met. 

The rights of property owners also enter into the picture. Denial of the 
right of an owner to use his property to a legitimate end amounts to a confiscation 
of that property, and compensation is expected. 

Aviation interests point to the millions of dollars being spent on airports 
and air operations, saying that radio towers cannot be permitted to interfere with 
progress. Yet they are not ready to accept progress which has been made by calling 
for the use in planes of the radar type devices which can detect obstructions even 
when visibility is zero. 

This conflict in interests between aviation with the thousands it serves, and 
radio with its millions of listeners, must be resolved, he must go forward on 
both fronts. 








2 


THE MEV^' YEAR 


Vvhat v;ill 1947 brin^ to the National Association of Educational Broadcasters? 
Certainly the opportunity to go forward on all fronts. And hov^r will we handle 
that opportunity? The answer will be written in the months ahead. 

This is the golden opportunity for educational broadcasting. Facilities 
assignments in the non-commercial band are available, and there must be more 
evidence of intentions on the part of school people to use them. Y<e must encourage 
it lest the story of Mi radio be permitted to repeat itself. 1947 should see a 
flood of FM applications from institutions interested in using radio to extend 
their services. NAEB must encourage this, and give assistance to such applicants. 

A real obstacle to progress is complacency. It is all too easy to follow a 
fixed pattern until it becomes a deep rut. This is a time for appraising the past-- 
and charting a course ahead. 

The NAEB course must lead to greater service to FM broadcasters. There is a 
high degree of transfer value from AM to FM, and the experience of the years can be 
used to advantage. Broadcasting is broadcasting—-be it FM or AM. The basic 
interests are the same. Yve will move forward together toward the goal of better 
radio for all. 

SIEGEL REPORTS USE OF TAPE RECORDER 

Seymour Siegel, Y<NYC program director, has been using the Brush Sound Mirror 
Tape Recorder, and has the following to report* 

Our experience with the recorder has been centered mainly on the recording of 
speeches and discussions. The practicality comes from its compactness and simplicity 
in operation, as well as its ability to both record and play back at one-fifth the 
cost of recording on regular transcriptions. The frequency response of 6000 cycles 
can be considered high fidelity enough insofar as voice recordings are concerned. 
Lesser success has been attained thus far in our experimental tests with music. 

The principle of operation involved in the pa : er tape recorder is the use of 
a ribbon of paper a quarter of an inch wide and coated with a ferrous base which 
gives it magnetic properties similar to the steel thread used in the wire recorder. 
The advantage of paper in editing is obvious. A snip with a pair of shears, and 
the use of a little scotch tape to bind the ends together does not require the 
skill, patience and time necessary in re-dubbing and re-editing the normal trans¬ 
cription. 

The cost is about one-third to one-fourth of what most wire recorders were 
selling at, and one-half hour’s quantity of paper is expected to sell for $1.50 to 
$1.75. The tape, of course, can be used over and over again although, obviously, 
its life is not as long as the wire reel. The advantage of any recorder lies in 
its ability to turn the whole world into a studio and in oases of stations v/ith 
small budgets, such as '*NYC, it has proven a boon in our telephone line budget allot¬ 
ment. Several changes could advantageously be made in the present model to permit 
use of associated amplifiers, but for the expenditure involved it is our considered 
opinion that good value is received. It would be premature after our brief assoc¬ 
iation with the machine to make any conclusive observations, but the potentialities 
of the tape recorder are excellent and for v^fhat times we have used it, the results 
have attained considerable success. 





3 






FACILITIES A^ID SERVICE EXC FJ^NGE 

Frank Sohooley (VaLL) and Bob Higgy (WOSU) set a pattern for cooperation 
which other members may be able to use to good advantage. „„n-l-hpv 

The idea is for one member to provide equipment and operating help for anothe. 
in making pickups from the former's home territory—as in football and other 
special fvLts. Charge for this service is billed at cost to the station being 

''^''^^Thls eliminates tho necessity for carrying heavy equipment and extra personnel 
around the country. Several members have already expressed their willingness to 
play ball with otLrs on such arrangements. T.rite directly to the member you want 
to work with.' 

MEMPERSEIP DRIVE 

This is the opportune time for bringing us the 1947 memberships. Old members 
will receive their Les statements from Treasurer Griffith. There are "'any in¬ 
stitutions now eligible for membership which need a bit of encouragement and an 

invitation to join. So. let's start a personalized campaign-every member get 

a member! An application blank accompanies this llews-Ietter. tore are available 

-o.. ... 

now active in educational broadcasting, consider the ™ ‘ ^ 

good prospects who need NAEB-and who are needed by HAEE in the united front 

eduoahonh broadcasters must have to adequately represent their interests. 

FACILITIES AND FCC 

AATX (University of Michigan). Applied for extension of time for completion 
of construction. (December 2) 

KSAC (Kansas State College) —granted CP to increase power to 5 to/., install 
new transmitter and vertical antenna. (November e2) 

Oklahoma City Board of Education—granted CP for a new non-oommeroial 
educational FI.i station to operate on 90.7 Ec. 700 watts, 500 ft. antenna. 

(November 21) 

KUSC (University of Southern California)— Formal (dedication ceremonies 
held on De< 3 ember 5, 1946 (EM, 91.7 me.) (Capt. Allen G. Hancock, Hancock Foundation) 

Grant Union High School and Teohnioal Collep, North Sacramental, California— 
FCC granted request for cancellation of appli.cation (July , ) or non 

commercial educational FIJI station, (November 29) 

OUR NORTHERN NEIGHBORS LISTEN , . _. ,. „ _ 

-The Nontreal Gazott5~slVs of ^.3. Radio—"An appalling overcrowding of the 

entertainment ether and excessive advertising has made selective radio listening 
an exasperation and has forced those who like to pick their programs to fo 

their luck with local stations", hell, that should help to build audiences for 
educational stations. 


JAHUARY 1-TII.1E FOR 1947 DUESJ 








- 4 - 


G UESTITORIAL 

Last May, at the invitation of Elmer Sulzer, I attended the Convention of 
the American College Public Relations Association in Lexington. It was one of 
the most enjoyable moetings I have ever attended. 

There was a large room filled with displays of college publicity| magazine 
stories^ bulletins, brochures, catalogues, pictures, news re leasesj an impres- 
! sive display of'the use of the printed word. There was not a si:agle display or 
i presentation of the use of the spoken word for publicity purpose:'> Prizes 
■ were awarded for (1) Best College Pictorial Booklet, (2) Best College Catalogue 
: (3) Best News Photo used during the year, (4) Best news story used during the 

i year interpreting education, (5) Miscellaneous Publicity Pieces.” ^There were 
j no transcriptions, no copies of radio scripts. Evidently the Public Relations 
I directors do not consider radio as one of their outstanding mediums for dis¬ 
seminating information to the public concerning the research, the learning, and 
the instruction available on their campuses. 

A total of 173 representatives from colleges and universities were regis¬ 
tered at the convention. There were Publicity and Public Relations Directors; 
news, sports, and research editors. There were art editors and photographers; 
Directors of Information and of Public Announcements. One, just one, member of 
the College Public Relations Association in attendance at the convention evi¬ 
denced some connection with radio. An examination of the entire membership 
roster shows 500 members, but not even Elmer admits connection with radio. In 
1947 there v/ill be at least one listing in the radio field, because I have 
been accepted as a ’’secondary member”. 

Have we broadcasters been so intent with serving the radio audience that 
we have neglected to sell radio to our institutions as a medium in the field 
of Public Relations? Do College Public Relations Departments fail to recognize 
the radio quintuplets, A.M., F.M., facisimile,^television, and wired radio. 

Each of these types of broadcasting offers an individual type of public service 
each will have a different audience. 

It v/ould be redundant to point out the great advantages that radio offers 
in the field of public relations. That is not my point-, I merely present fact 
which imply that radio should be sold to the campus, to the college public 
relations departments. On the other hand. College Public Relations Directors 
had better recognize radio for the medium it is or, with the advent of FM ed¬ 
ucational stations, they will be ’’secondary members”. 

Public Relations and Radio Broadcasting are so intimately connected that 
their respective directors must work with and profit from one another. Start 
broadcasting to the home campus. 

Imldo Abbot 

Director of Broadcasting 

University of Michigan 


Next month's guestitorialist: John.IV, Dunn, Oklahoma. 















THE SECRETARY’S PAGE 

Radio City 
New York, N.Y. 

From way up here it looks as if, for a great many reasons, there will be plenty 
of activity on the FM front in the year ahead. There are many reasons, but it seems 
to me the three most important are; 

1. The continuous issuance of FM grants by the Commission ... the continuous 
encouragement to FM by the Commission ... and the fact that the Commission is adher¬ 
ing to its hearing schedule although the manufacturers didn’t live up t'O their 
production schedule. 


2. The forthright speech of Chairman Charles Denny at the recent NAB convention 
which left no room for doubt in the minds of anyone that the interest in FM is not 
limited to just one or a few Commissioners, but it is the unanimous opiniopi of all 
the Commissioners. Many an eyebrow lifted when he said, ^ 

"The Commission has expressly authorized me to say to you again 
that it is our opinion that FL'I is the finest aural broadcast 
system attainable in the present state of the radio art. FM is 
not coming; it’s here. And it is growing fast. Already there 
are 66 stations in operation and 564 more authorized (counting 
both construction permits and conditional grants). In addition, 
there are 307 applications pending. Our long-range plans for FM. 
look forward to the day when every square inch of every state from 
the Atlantic Ocean west to the middle of the Dakotas, Nebraska, 

Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas will be covered - night and day - with 
satisfactory FT.': signals. Similarly, FM signals solidly will 
blanket the Pacific Coast states. The area in between these two 
sections is what is now the poorest served portion of our country. 

FM will serve large parts of it but cannot reasonably be expected 
to serve it all. Here our long-range plans look for a revamped 
AM service to fill in t'he gaps." 


3. The non-production of receivers was the real stumbling block to FM audience 
development; but I have a hunch the solid front of manufacturers has been cracked. 

A great many small manufacturers and sub-contractors would have switched to AM-FM 
in recent months, were it not for the pressure by big manufacturers to hold to their 
production schedule of cheap AM sets. The margin of profit v/as greater and by just 
holding the line, of course no risk was involved. But the bottom has been hit. I 
predict that many a retailer will have plenty of inexpensive sets left on his shelves 
after the holidays, and when that happens the big fellows will be forced to change 
their production schedules and bring out something new. A popular-priced AM-FM set, 
while higher than the low-priced AM set, will nevertheless be less expensive than 
television or good radio-phonograph combinations, , . « r ./?— 

Our job then is clear. Every station ought to increase its FM schedule 

and improve the program service. Chairman Denny hit the nail on the head— 

"In a sentence, the way to get FM moving still faster is for you 
to get stations on the air and -the public will demand receivers, 

I know it’s hard to convince yourself that you should spend money 
to put on a program that nobody can hear. But it’s even harder 
to convince the public that it should buy sets when there is 
nothing to listen to. It’s your next move. Give this new superior 
broadcast service to the people as soon as possible." 


It’s our next move - 

It’s our great chance. 


Morris S. Novik 
Executive Secretary 





STATION REPORTS 


University of Michigan--Ann Arbor. 

-Yj a Ido Abbot repor’oi the extension by the FCC of the completion date for its 

FM station to June 16, 1947. Equipment for the new m station is being received 
"every few days". The Civilian production Authority issued a building permit for 
the construction of a building to house the transmitter at Peach Mo'.;ntain. ^The^ 

building is to be approximately 50 x 35 feet-two stories (as it us on a hillside, 

unc story will be partially a basement). The first story inc.udes adages, boiler 
T'.s.;m, switch room and transformer vault for the Edison Company, sh-p, store room, 
iiie main floor will include the transmitter room, transcription and announcer’s 
Dooth, operator’s lounge, small lobby, repair shop# 

Kv'.'SC-^TrYashington State College, Pullman. 

-The station is getting from and ‘giving to "cyclical programming" a great deal 

of publicity. A station operator in a nearby state says it has resulted in"a‘ much 
snappier schedule than most coppege stations". 

KY^SC is attempting to develop new regional talent and shows in the Pacific 
Northwest. In this direction it presents a v;eekly broadcast "The Lamplighters" 
featuring a 20--voice choir and a nev/ format. 

The news releases issued regularly by the station serve as a record for future 

reference (and give current informations-thanks). More stations should get out 

such summaries of current happenings. KYYSC also publishes lists of the current 
addresses of its "alumni" . 

Indiana State Teachers College-Terre Haute. 

-"The Hoosier Schoolmaster of the Air", Clarence Morgan, writes asking for a 

statement for his 1947 membership dues—and so sets a record I He reports the 
following as a year-end summary: 

The twelfth consecutive year of broadcasting by I.S.T.C. over YvBCY'v saw many 
significant contributions made to radio education. In the course of a year the 
institution presented 315 broadcasts (4,720 minutes) on the air. 

The U.S. Office of Education established a transcription lean center in the 
Radio Division of I.S.T.C. 

Throughout the war, a four-page mimeographed bulletin entitled "Radio Ramblings 
was sent to men and women who entered the armed forces of the United States. This 
bulletin contained items of current interest concerning campus rad_c activities 
and extracts from letters received from those in the serwice. Approximately three 
hundred of these bulletins v/ere mailed each month from the campus studios. 

To acquaint listeners of the Y^'abash Valley with broadcasts being presented by 
Indiana State Teachers College over YYBGfY, three thousand post cards were printed 
and mailed to listeners. These cards carried notices of regular program.s and 
announcements of special broadcasts or the introduction of a new series of programs. 

WKAR-Michigan State College, East Lansing. 

-’^Yhat's' The GooOord" is a program which is attracting attention because it 

includes information on the derivation, pronunciation and use of words in a 
functional language. It is on the air vJeekly through the speech department. 

Bob Coleman reports listeners protesting the shortening of the broadcasting 
day due to earlier sundown sign-off time. Present schedule: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM. 

YYHA-University of YYi scons in, Madi son . 

-in cooperation with the Y,i scons in "Aeronautics Commission and^the U.S. Yveather 

Bureau at Truax Field, the station will present tv;o broadcasts daily of weather in¬ 
formation for flyers and travellers. The broadcasts will be done by the meteor¬ 
ologist directly from the field. These are in addition to the daily general broad¬ 
cast frotn the YJeather Bureau on the campus* 










- 6 - 



HITS AND IvUSSES 

The Georgia Assooiat'-on of Broadcasters is collaborating with^ the University 
of Georgia in what it calls a "grassroots” approach to indoctrinating students and 
faculty in practical radio operations. ¥<e wonder who is getting set to make hay r 

Stewart McPherson, of the BPC, visited Canada recently. ^He listened to the 
radio and said, "It’s pretty near unbearable listening, especially in the afternoon, 
during washtub programs. The British will never have commercial radio". And no 
■nging commercials? 

Arthur Fiedler and the Boston Pops Orchestra will next summer present a new 
symphony based on five commercial jingles. (Laxative ad reps please note.) 


"Government Talent On Parade" is listed as a new Y.ashin^ton D.C. broadcast. 

That one should come from the Union Station platform after the new Congress gets 
to work. 

The Michigan faculty in the levity of a "Family Night Party" contemplated 

on what to expect if the institution’s new FM station were to be a commercial station 
These samples were offered by various interests; 

In the style of Lucky Strike; 

U yi —- M F E U M-M F E 

University of Michigan Means Finer Education. Yes the 
University of Michigan Means Finer Education. The University of 
Michigan gets the cream of the crop. So round, so firm, so fully 

packed, so free and easy on the draw-the University of Michigan 

Faculty. To those wUio know education best-it’s Michigan 2 to 1. 

In the style of Pepsi Cola; 

Public Health sure hits the spot 
Tvvelve dead microbes thats a lot 
Tv'ice the jobs, good pay too 
Public Health's the School for you. 

In the style of Ipana and Salapatica; 

Have you ever asked yourself "Hhat’s wrong with the W'^rld 
It's always a question of too much and not enout-h. Too much m^.ney and 
not enough goods. Too many peo-ple and T..Dt enough supplies. Too much 
material and not enough production. Th.-se problems can best b ' n.lved 
by the production and. research methods developed at the Universj.ty of 
Michigan School of Engineering. Their new, modern technfques^wi11 make 
you hot in the winter and cold in the summer, they’ll build cities in 
the country and countries in the city. The .School of jjjngineerxng, can 
melt down the nation’s currency and mould the nation's wealth. Remember 
the Engine School’s Slogan; 

Invention for the "style of beauty"- 

Production for the "style of wealth"- 

Edited by- 

H. A. Engel 
Radio 'uBA 
Madison/ Wisconsin 


January 1, 1947 









Scanned from the National Association of Educational Broadcasters Records 
at the Wisconsin Historical Society as part of 
"Unlocking the Airwaves: Revitalizing an Early Public and Educational Radio Collection." 




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University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Communication Arts, 
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